Wine Coolers: Thermoelectric vs. Compressor

By Empava Appliances
updated: June. 23, 2022
Wine Cooler

While neither is necessarily superior to the other, it is crucial to comprehend the advantages and disadvantages of both thermoelectric and compressor wine refrigerators so you may select the one that is best for you. To assist you in making an informed choice when purchasing your appliance, we have listed the advantages and disadvantages of both compressor wine coolers and thermoelectric wine coolers below.

The Advantage Of Thermoelectric Wine Cooler

Numerous factors make a thermoelectric wine cooler preferable than a compressor wine cooler. You may wish to give this alternative of wine storage and chilling some serious study if the points listed below are significant to you.

Energy Efficient:

Thermoelectric cooled wine coolers use a lot less energy than compressor cooled ones since they have fewer moving parts and less power to run. This feature is advantageous for both the environment and the customer.

Quiet Operation:

Because the internal components of thermoelectric cooling require relatively little movement, these devices operate quietly. If the different noises your other kitchen appliances create tend to distract you, this function may be helpful.


A thermoelectric cooled wine refrigerator doesn't vibrate at all, in contrast to a conventional beverage refrigerator, which hums and vibrates somewhat. This is beneficial because wine is damaged by any kind of jostling. This is why thermoelectric wine coolers produce a good environment for your wine, especially if you intend to mature them for a long time.

Disadvantage Of Thermoelectric Wine Cooler

However, there are several disadvantages to thermoelectric wine coolers. Examine the points below to see if any of these drawbacks will have a big effect on your decision to go with this kind of cooling.

Small Capacities Only:

Because thermoelectric cooling is less effective than compressor cooling, it is only appropriate for small-capacity wine coolers. This implies that if you wish to chill a lot of bottles, you can end up paying more money on additional wine coolers rather than a single, all-inclusive device.

Heat Sensitive:

In unstable or excessively warm situations, thermoelectric cooling is not recommended. The ability of a thermoelectric wine refrigerator to cool will be severely hampered by a high ambient temperature. If you intend to store your wine cooler in a space with inconsistent temperature, like a basement or an attic, bear this fact in mind.

Expensive Operation:

Despite using substantially less energy than compressor wine coolers, it is important to keep in mind that thermoelectric wine coolers are constantly on, which can wind up costing more than you might expect. Wine coolers with compressors, in contrast, only activate when necessary.

The Benefits of Compressor Wine Cooler

There are several advantages to compressor wine coolers. As you look for a new wine cooler, bear the following ideas in mind.

Powerful Operation:

The majority of built-in units use compressor cooling since it has a significantly stronger cooling capacity than thermoelectric cooling. You'll also notice more large-capacity devices with compressor cooling capabilities for the same reason.

Handles High Capacities:

Compressor cooling is capable of handling wine coolers with big wine bottle capacities due to its powerful cooling. For those with big wine collections or full wine cellars, this is great.

Adapts to Environmental Stress:

Wine refrigerators with compressor cooling can better adjust to changing temperatures and additional heat loads, maintaining a constant internal temperature regardless of outside conditions. If you intend to store your bottles in your basement or another uninsulated space, take into account this feature.

The Disadvantage Of Compressor Wine Cooler

There are drawbacks to compressor wine coolers. Consider utilizing a thermoelectric wine cooler instead if you believe any of the following aspects will significantly affect your experience.

Small Vibrations:

Compressor cooled wine refrigerators occasionally shake somewhat since a compressor has numerous moving parts and can turn on and off. Most units take this into account by using rubber brushing to tame the minor movement.

Slight Noise Output:

Compressor-cooled wine refrigerators make some noise due to the moving parts, once more. The hum of a common refrigerator is comparable to this sounds, if not softer. Additionally, rubber brushing is utilized to absorb and reduce the output of the compressor.

Which Type Should Be Your Ideal Option?

You must identify the main use of your prospective wine cooler in order to choose the one that is suitable for your requirements. A thermoelectric wine refrigerator will be the best choice for you if you need to store a case of wine, give or take a few bottles. A compressor wine cooler would work best for you if you want to keep a sizable collection for an extended period of time.

Additionally, you will be better off with a compressor cooled device if you want to integrate your wine cooler into your cabinetry or store it under a counter. To put it simply, compressor wine coolers will likely be higher capacity and built-in units, whereas thermoelectric wine coolers will likely be lesser capacity and likely be freestanding devices. If you are redesigning your kitchen to accommodate your new purchase, keep this in mind especially carefully. Nevertheless, keep in mind that any item can generally be made to fit in any area.


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